Java Oops Fundamentals Tutorial
Introduction to OOPs Programming
OOPs vs Traditional Programming Styles
Basic Concepts of OOPs
Garbage Collection In JVM
Constructor and Its Types
Encapsulation In OOPs
Inheritance in OOPs
Polymorphism in OOPs
Abstraction In OOPS
Author Profile Altaf Shaikh
Altaf Shaikh

BE Engg | Python Dev | Content Writer | Founder of TeachMeBro | Blockchain Dev | Django

Introduction to OOPs Programming

October 15th 2020

Introduction to OOPs Programming
Introduction to OOPs Programming

OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING SYSTEM (OOPs) brings together properties and their associated actions in a single location which makes it easier to understand how a program works.

  • It allows users to create the objects that they want and then, create methods to handle those objects.
  • The basic concept of OOPs is to create objects, re-use them throughout the program, and manipulate these objects to get results.
  • Object Oriented Programming popularly known as OOP, is used in a modern programming language like Java, Python, C++, etc.

Applications of Object Oriented Programming

Main application areas of OOP are:

  • User interface design such as windows, menu.
  • Real Time Systems
  • Simulation and Modeling
  • Object oriented databases
  • AI and Expert System
  • Neural Networks and parallel programming
  • Decision support and office automation systems etc.

Benefits of OOP:

  • It is easy to model a real system as real objects are represented by programming objects in OOP. The objects are processed by their member data and functions. It is easy to analyze the user requirements.
  • With the help of inheritance, we can reuse the existing class to derive a new class such that the redundant code is eliminated and the use of existing class is extended. This saves time and cost of program.
  • In OOP, data can be made private to a class such that only member functions of the class can access the data. This principle of data hiding helps the programmer to build a secure program that can not be invaded by code in other part of the program.
  • With the help of polymorphism, the same function or same operator can be used for different purposes. This helps to manage software complexity easily.
  • Large problems can be reduced to smaller and more manageable problems. It is easy to partition the work in a project based on objects.
  • It is possible to have multiple instances of an object to co-exist without any interference i.e. each object has its own separate member data and function.